The recent developments in Africa, South America and Asia show that the traditional western policy of “Divide and Rule”, is not working anymore. The Third World continues to show more unity, whether it is Zimbabwe in Africa, Bolivia in South America or Nepal and India in Asia.
In Zimbabwe, the western countries have failed to dislodge Mugabe and incite a civil war between the Zanu and the MDC. In spite of the massive propaganda campaign by the Western media, the Zanu and the MDC have been able to reach a compromise in power sharing. Robert Mugabe and his rival Morgan Tsvangirai were able to reach the historic power sharing deal today, Monday 15th September 2008 in Harare.
According to this deal, Robert Mugabe will remain the President of the country and Morgan Tsvangirai will become the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe. Mugabe will remain the head of the army but the Police will come under the control of Tsvangirai. There will be 31 members of the cabinet 16 will come from the MDC and 15 will come from the Zanu PF. In a clear indication that the Western countries are not happy to see Zimbabwe united, the U.S. and the European union have declared that they are not going to lift the sanctions enforced on Zimbabwe. However, the African countries see the deal as a great show of the African unity. Mbeki the President of South Africa worked very hard to close the deal.
In an emergency summit of the UNASUR (Union of South American Nations) in Santiago Chile, the nine Presidents condemned last week’s political violence in Bolivia and gave full backing to President Evo Morales of Bolivia. President Morales has blamed America for the unrest and has expelled the American ambassador from Bolivia. In a statement, the UNASUR has offered full and firm support for the constitutional government of President Evo Morales, whose mandate was ratified by a big majority. A warning was also given that any government formed following an illegal removal of President Morales would not be recognized as legitimate.
Hugo Chavez, the President of Venezuela, said that the unrest in Bolivia was a conspiracy directed by the U.S. Empire, comparing it to the 1973 CIA backed coup, which ousted Chile’s President Salvador Allende. In this coup led by General Pinochet, thousands were killed, including Dr. Allende, who died fighting the Generals army. Pinochet was later tried for his crimes.
The rise of Maoism in Nepal is a very significant development. Prime Minister Prachanda is now visiting India. It appears that the West will like to see India standing up against China. However, the rise of Maoism in Nepal is bound to be a setback for the Western plans. The geographical location of Nepal is very important. It is located between India and China. During the last fifty years Nepal has followed policies, which were subservient to India. However, after installation of the present government, Nepal wants to peruse independent policies, Prachanda has made it clear during his current visit that Nepal wants to review the treaties signed with India, including the India-Nepal friendship treaty. These treaties are perceived by Nepal as unequal and one sided. Nepal will like to revise the treaties so that they can become more equal and bilateral.
Ultimately Nepal will like to become a buffer state between India and China rather than be aligned with India. This is bound to change the balance of power in South Asia in favor of China as compared to the West.
South Asia as a whole will tilt more towards the rest of Asia. India has mostly followed policies which can be considered pro Western and less in line with the rest of Asia. India will come under increasing pressure from other countries in the region to change its pro western policies.